Dr. Murat Paker, Ph.D, M.D.

Basoglu, M. & Paker, M. (1995). Severity of trauma as predictor of long-term psychological status in survivors of torture. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 9:4, 339-350.


Assessed 55 tortured political ex-prisoners in Turkey, using the Semistructured Interview for Survivors of Torture, Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III--R, and other measures of anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Data were based on a previous report by M. Basoglu et al. Severity of torture was assessed by measures of number of types of torture, number of exposures to torture (ETT), duration of captivity and perceived distress. Ss reported a mean of 23 different forms of torture and a mean total of 291 ETT during their captivity. Despite severity of trauma, the number of ETT did not predict post torture psychological problems, whereas ratings of perceived distress did.

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